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November 13, 1861 Proclamation

Proclamation of General Dix to the People of Accomac and Northampton Counties

As appeared in the November 25, 1861, edition of The (Richmond) Daily Dispatch and the November 28, 1861 edition of the New York Times

The military forces of the United States are about to enter your counties as part of the Union. They will go among you as friends, and with the earnest hope that they may not, by your own acts be forced to become your enemies. They will invade no rights of person or property. On the contrary, your laws, your institutions, your usages will be scrupulously respected. There need be no fear that the quietude of any firesides will be disturbed unless the disturbance is caused by yourselves.

Special directions have been given not to interfere with the condition of any persons held to domestic service; and, in order that there may be no ground for mistake or pretext for misrepresentation, commanders of regiments and corps have been instructed not to permit any such persons to come within their lines. The command of the expedition is entrusted to Brigadier-General Henry H. Lockwood, of Delaware, a State identical in some of the distinctive features of its social organization with your own. Portions of his force come from counties in Maryland bordering on one of yours. From him, and from them, you may be assured of sympathy of near neighbors, as well as friends, if you do not repel it by hostile resistance or attack. Their mission is to assert the authority of the United States; to redeem your intercourse with the loyal States, and especially with Maryland, which has just proclaimed her devotion to the Union by the most triumphant vote in her political journals; to restore to commerce its accustomed guides by reestablishing the lights on your coast; to afford you a free export for the products of your labor and a free ingress for the necessaries and comforts of life, which you require in exhange; and, in a word, to put an end to the embarrassments and restrictions brought upon  you by a causeless and unjustifiable rebellion.

If the calamities of intestine war, which are desolating other districts of Virginia, and have already crimsoned her fields with fraternal blood, fall also upon you, it will not be the fault of the Government. It asks only that its authority may be recognized. It sends among you a force too strong to be successfully opposed; a force which cannot be resisted in any other spirit than that of wantonness and malignity. If there are any among you, who, rejecting all overtures of friendship, thus provoke retaliation, and draw down upon themselves consequences which the Government is most anxious to avert, to their account must be laid the blood, which may be shed, and the desolation which may be brought on peaceful homes. On all, who are thus reckless of the obligations of humanity and duty, and on all who are found with arms, the severest punishment warranted by the laws of war wil be visited.

To those who remain in the quiet pursuit of their domestic occupations, the public authorities assure all they can give–peace, freedom from annoyance, protection from foreign and internal enemies, a guaranty of the constitutional and legal rights, and the blessings of a just and parental Government.

John A. Dix, Major General Commanding.

Headquarters, Baltimore, November 13, 1861