At 7 O’clock this morning we arrived in the city of Baltimore. At 8 1/2 O’clock we arrived in Camp Andrew, west end of Baltimore St. This camp is located on the summit of an eminence, the property of a man named Steward or Stewart, a rebel. our quarters here are frame barracks, much more neat than those we had at Camp Wilkes, but not as Warm. Battery L of the 1st New York Artillery is encamped with us, we have a view of the city, the country and the river also, Fts. McHenry, Carroll, and Murray, and Federal Hill.
Camp Andrew was located in West Baltimore on land previously owned by George H. Steuart. Steuart resigned from the Union army to become a calvary captain for the Confederates in April 1861, prompting the Union to seize his property and create Camp Andrew, named in honor of Massachusetts governor John Andrew.
Soldiers referred to the land where Camp Andrew was located as Union Square, Maryland Square and the “Stewart” Place during their stays there. In early 1862, an unidentified Massachusetts soldier described camp in a letter to his cousin:
We are nicely quartered on a high hill situated on the west of Baltimore formerly owned by Gen. Stewart [sic] now of the Rebel Army and the property is now confiscated. There are about 36 acres in the field and a house and out buildings – it must have been a very nice place before the troops went in there. . . . We have got Barracks now which we built and I tell you we have nice times in them dancing and playing Checkers most of the winter.
Jarvis Hospital, a large Union military hospital that had a 1500 bed capacity, was also on Steuart’s confiscated property. One description of the hospital placed it on the edge of Baltimore “situated upon high ground, overlooking the town and the harbor, and blessed with salubrious air.” The hospital occupied the Steuart mansion and four acres of land around it.
Maryland in the Civil War by Harold R. Manakee, Maryland Voices in the Civil War by Charles W. Mitchell, Maryland History in Prints, 1745-1900 by Laura Rice, and The Pictorial History of the Civil War in the United States of America, Volume 3 by Benson John Lossing.
Image source: Jarvis Hospital circa 1861. ??????This media file is in the public domain in the United States. This applies to U.S. works where the copyright has expired, often because its first publication occurred prior to January 1, 1923. See this page for further explanation.